Library of Parliament’s Legislative Summary of Bill C-32

The Library of Parliament has posted its legislative summary of Bill C-32.  The document includes a good discussion of the key issues and differing opinions on the bill.


  1. “However, Dr. Mihály Ficsor, former Assistant Director General of WIPO and author of the WIPO Guide to Collective Administration of Copyright and Related Rights, argues that in order for the anti-circumvention provisions in the WIPO Internet Treaties to be enforceable, the broader language found in Bill C-32 is necessary.”

    But does this mean we would not be WIPO compliant?

  2. If it were ‘necessary’ then why was the anti-circumvention clause left vague and flexible in regards to implementation? I would like to know who decides if a countries laws are WIPO ‘compliant’ or not? Perhaps Dr. Ficsor has some personal stake or incentive for his views after the fact?

  3. WIPO compliant?
    The world has changed considerably since 1996. The intent and spirit of the measures in WIPO are equally as important as the exact wording, if not more so. To understand that, you must consider the appropriate context of the times, and how that maps into today’s world.
    In law, the wording is of paramount importance. In a treaty, the spirit and intent should take precedence over the exact wording. Legal training tends to focus someone on the exact wording, at the expense of the spirit.
    The wording in WIPO is flexible enough that it is obvious that it is the spirit that should be considered. We don’t need “broad language” around TPM in C-32 to meet the spirit.

    I am not at all sure what he means when he says the broader language in C-32 is required for it to be “enforcable”. This sounds too much like a “sound bite” pulled from a larger discussion. I can’t find the larger discussion anywhere. It certainly needs a fuller context to understand the basis for this comment.

  4. Misinformation
    This is just another tool our government is empoying to try and misinform the public. Let’s consider the author of the report.

    According to the document posted…
    Dara Lithwick
    Legal and Legislative Affairs Division
    Parliamentary Information and Research Service
    Library of Parliament

    I found a 2009 WIPO document where the same Dara Lithwick is listed as:

    “Dara LITHWICK (Ms.), Policy Analyst, Copyright and International Intellectual Property Policy Directorate, Industry Canada, Ottawa”

    To me “Industry Canada” screams big-business…including the CRIA… Industry&crpNmbr=&bsNmbr=

    Are her opinions, perhaps, biased, skewed or based on past experience or affiliations? Are there perhaps other incentives for her to take Dr. Ficsor’s comments out of context?

  5. Rome Convention
    Interesting that they mention the Rome Convention… which the US has never signed…

    you may check here:

    So why does Canada need to sign and implement “ad litteram” each and every WIPO document, while the vocal bully doesn’t?