Global Technology Law and Policy

Global Technology Law and Policy: Spring 2021

Global Technology Law and Policy is an intensive seminar that is a collective initiative of the University of Ottawa, the University of Haifa, and Bocconi University with students from each university participating. This year’s course will take place online with all classes held on Zoom. The course focus for the year will be a comparative examination of intersection between COVID-19 and law, policy and technology. Key topics will include:

  1. Misinformation, COVID-19 and Internet Platforms
  2. Data Privacy and Security under Pressure in the COVID Age
  3. COVID and the Classroom: IP, academic freedom and privacy
  4. Legal issues – The Race to the Vaccine: from Invention to Distribution

As noted below, classes will feature lectures, group work, and guest lecturers. Students are asked to prepare for classes with brief readings, video lectures, and podcasts.

The final two days of the course will feature group presentations. Students should have received emails indicating to which group they have been assigned.

 

Course Schedule (Draft Subject to Change – as of May 10, 2021):

April 28, 2021 – Introduction, Misinformation and Platform Liability

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Readings:

Group exercise – please review in advance

Perry and Zarsky, Liability for Online Anonymous Speech: Comparative and Economic Analyses, 206-208, 211-216, 219-222, 228-231, 235, 237-241, 243-4, 247-250, 253-4.

Israel starts Covid vaccine drive as Facebook groups taken down, The Guardian (Dec. 20, 2020).

Facebook removes Israeli anti-vaccine ‘fake news’ groups, posts, JPost (Dec. 20th, 2020). 

 Mike Isaac, Facebook says it plans to remove posts with false vaccine claims.The New York Times (Feb. 8, 2021)

Audio/Video:

Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media

 

 

 

April 29, 2021 – Misinformation and Platform Liability

9:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 15:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 16:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Readings:

Limor Shmerling Magazanik, “Five Thoughts about “Immunity Passports”, Linkdin, Jul 12th, 2020.

Tal Z. Zarsky, Social Justice, Social Norms and the Governance of Social Media, 35 Pace L. Rev. 138 (2014), p.  138-141, 143-154

Kate Klonick, The New Governors: The People, Rules and Processes Governing Online Speech, 131 Harv. L. Rev. 1598 (2018). Pages for reading 1625-1630, 1636-1642, 1650-1653, 1666-1668

Kate Klonick, Feature: The Facebook Oversight Board: Creating an Independent Institution to Adjudicate Online Free Expression, 129(8) Yale L. J 2418 (2020), Readings: 2422-2427, 2429, 2435-2438, 2442-3, 2456, 2475-2480, 2492-95.

Audio/Video:

How Should the Law Approach Social Media Abuses?

Guests:

10:00 am: Limor Shmerling Magazanik, Managing Director, Israel Tech Policy Institute

11:00 am: Jason Kee and Jeanette Patell, Google

 

May 2, 2021 – COVID, Data privacy and security 

9:50 – 12:50 (Ottawa), 15:50 – 18:50 (Milan), 16:50 – 19:50 (Haifa)

Slides

Zarsky slides

Readings:

ACRI Website, Success! ACRI Severely Limits Shin Bet Tracking (March 1st)

Jane Bambauer and Brian Ray, COVID-19 Apps Are Terrible—They Didn’t Have to Be, Lawfare, 1-7, 11-19, 24-28.

Amir, Israel’s SIGINT Oversight Ecosystem: COVID-19 Secret Service Location Tracking as a Test Case (November 30, 2020). University of New Hampshire Law Review, Forthcoming, 4-7, 12-20

The E.U perspective: Guidelines 04/2020 on the use of location data and contact tracing tools in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak, 3-4, 7-9, 11-12

Audio/Video:

Technion Panel: Contact Tracing

Guests:

9:50 am: Former Israeli Supreme Court Chief Justice Asher Grunis

10:30: Canadian Minister of Justice David Lametti

11:00 am: Gil Gan-Mor, Unit Director – Civil and Social Rights, Human Rights in the Digital Age Project

May 3, 2021 – COVID, Data privacy and security 

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Readings:

OECD, Dealing with digital security risk during the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis, 3 April, 2020

Scassa, COVID-19 Contact Tracing: From Local to Global and Back Again

CIFAR, Society, Technology and Ethics in a Pandemic

Audio/Video:

Law Bytes Podcast, Episode 44, Michael Birnhack on the Israeli Use of Cellphone Tracking to Combat the Spread of Coronavirus

Guests:

10:00 am: Mona Nemer, Chief Science Advisor of Canada

11:00 am: Supreme Court of Canada Justice Russell Brown

12:00 pm: Amit Ashkenazi, Legal Counsel, Israeli Cyber Bureau

 

May 4, 2021 – Legal issues – the race to the vaccine

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Global Digital Encounter 12: The Race for the Vaccine: from Invention to Effective Vaccination – IP as a Tool or a Toll?

Slides

Manderieux slides

Readings:

Matt Apuzzo, Selam Gebrekidan and Monika Pronczuk, Where Europe Went Wrong in Its Vaccine Rollout, and Why, NY Times

Katherine Ellen Foley, Covid-19 is spurring unprecedented collaboration among vaccine manufacturers, Quartz 2021

Anja Lunze, Patent pools: an easy licensing option for Covid-19 drugs and Sars CoV2 vaccines?, Taylor Wessing

Case Study, DNA Hepatitis B Vaccine: International Vaccine Institute, Korea

Audio/Video:

GDE, Encounter 3 International IP and Access to Pandemic Treatments

 

 

May 5, 2021 – Legal issues – the race to the vaccine

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Slides

Caso slides

Geist slides

Readings:

CIGI, The Antidote to Vaccine Nationalism

Case M.8016 – SANOFI PASTEUR / VACCINES OF SANOFI PASTEUR MSD Commission decision pursuant to Article 6(1)(b) of Council Regulation No 139/20041 and Article 57 of the Agreement on the European Economic Area

The Israel/Pfizer Agreement

Assaf Harel, Big data and the pursuit of herd immunity: Israel’s COVID-19 data-sharing agreement,IAPP

Audio/Video:

Law Bytes podcast, Episode 81: Why Isn’t Canada Supporting a Proposal to Help Developing Countries Gain Access to COVID-19 Vaccines‪?

Guests:

11:00 am: Roberto Caso, University of Trento and President of the Italian Association for Open Science (AISA)

May 6, 2021 – COVID and the classroom

9:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 15:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 16:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Readings:

Eugene Volokh, Censorship by Zoom and Other Private Platforms”: The UC Academic Freedom Committee’s Concerns, The Volokh Conspiracy (Feb 4th, 2021)

Chiara and Ducato, Rossana and Giannopoulou, Alexandra and Schneider, Giulia, Remote Teaching During the Emergency and Beyond: Four Open Privacy and Data Protection Issues of ‘Platformised’ Education (November 13, 2020). OpinioJuris in Comparatione, vol. 1 (2020), paras. 2, 4 and conclusions

Emergency Remote Teaching: a study of copyright and data protection policies of popular online services (Part II)

Optional:

Rb. Amsterdam – C/13/684665 / KG ZA 20-481

Datatilsynet – 2020-432-0034

Audio/Video:

Law Bytes Podcast, Episode 47: Brewster Kahle, Chris Freeland and Kyle Courtney on the Internet Archive National Emergency Library

Guests:

9:00 am: David Mirchin, Partner, Meitar

10:00 am: Rossana Ducato, Lecturer in IT Law and Regulation at the University of Aberdeen; fellow at CRIDES, UCLouvain

11:00 am: Brewster Kahle and Chris Freeland, Internet Archive

12:00 pm: Patricia Kosseim, Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario

 

May 9, 2021 – Student Presentations

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

Group 1: Misinformation and Platform Liability

We invite students to consult the following resources to enrich their understanding of the topic explored in our presentation:

  1. The Macedonian Teens Who Mastered Fake News
  2. A guide to anti-misinformation actions around the world – Poynter
  3. Brookings: How to combat fake news and disinformation
  4. Tackling online disinformation: a European Approach
  5. OECD: Governance responses to disinformation: How open government principles can inform policy options

Group 2: COVID, Data Privacy and Security

Mandatory Readings

Tiffany C Li, “Privacy in Pandemic: Law, Technology, and Public Health in the COVID-19 Crisis” (2021) Loy U Chicago LJ 101 at 7-14, 19-27, 31-33, 82-88, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3690004.

Jimena López-Navarro & Argyri Panezi, “Our Increased Reliance on Digital Platforms During COVID-19 and Beyond”, LawAhead, online: https://lawahead.ie.edu/our-increased-reliance-on-digital-platforms-during-covid-19-and-beyond.

Hugh Lawson-Tancred, Henry CW Price & Alessandro Provetti, “COVID-19 Contact Tracing: Eight Privacy Questions Explored”, Preprint at https://ssrn.com/abstract=3607089.

Optional Readings

Christoph Lutz & Aurelia Tamò, “Privacy and Healthcare Robots – An ANT Analysis”, http://robots.law.miami.edu/2016/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/We_Robot_Lutz_Tamo_ANT_Healthcare_Robots_final.pdf.

Mohammad S Jalali, Adam Landman & William J Gordon, “Telemedicine, Privacy, and Information Security in the Age of COVID-19” (2021) 28:3 J Am Medical Informatics Association 671, https://academic.oup.com/jamia/article/28/3/671/6039104.

Bernardi Pranggono & Abdullahi Arabo, “COVID-19 Pandemic Cybersecurity Issues” 4:2 Internet Technology Issues 1, https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezproxy.haifa.ac.il/doi/full/10.1002/itl2.247.

Harjinder Singh Lallie et al, “Cyber Security in the Age of COVID-19: A Timeline and Analysis of Cyber-Crime and Cyber-Attacks During the Pandemic” (2021) 105 Computers & Security 1, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167404821000729.

May 10, 2021  – Student Presentations

10:00 – 13:00 (Ottawa), 16:00 – 19:00 (Milan), 17:00 – 20:00 (Haifa)

NY Times, Online Cheating Charges Upend Dartmouth Medical School

Group 3: Legal Issues – The Race to a Vaccine

GENERAL MATERIALS:

  1. TRIPS and Vaccine Patents:

MSF urges countries to stop blocking it to save lives

https://www.msf.org/countries-obstructing-covid-19-patent-waiver-must-allow-negotiations

US President Biden’s patent sharing efforts receive pushback from the EU

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/06/world/europe/coronavirus-vaccine-patent-eu.html

WHO Negotiations about the TRIPS waiver

https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news21_e/trip_30apr21_e.htm

  1. COVID Data Sharing

Data Sharing with pharmaceuticals companies

https://www.haaretz.com/amp/israel-news/.premium-what-medical-data-is-israel-sharing-with-pfizer-and-is-it-protected-1.9480691

https://www.npr.org/2021/01/31/960819083/vaccines-for-data-israels-pfizer-deal-drives-quick-rollout-and-privacy-worries

OPTIONAL – (Contract with AstraZeneca includes no obligation for to share data)

https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/apa_astrazeneca.pdf

  1. Vaccine Distribution

Article about AstraZeneca lawsuit and failing to deliver to the EU

https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-preparing-legal-case-against-astrazeneca-over-vaccine-shortfalls/

BREAKOUT GROUP EXERCISE

* presenters and group facilitators

GROUP 1 – US, UK

Chauntae De Gannes*

Yariv Raz*

Conor McCarthy

Allana Haist

Jacopo Bratta

Yulia Borisova

Federica Paolucci

Mor Elgali

Group 1 Reading Materials

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/05/us/politics/biden-covid-vaccine-patents.html

GROUP 2 – Israel

Alessandra Puopolo*

Adir Zvi*

Camille Andrzejewski

Nicole Duchesne

Paola Dabbicco

Maor Fridman

Barak Siman Tov

Nirit Yitzhak Gabay

Group 2 Reading Materials

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/28/green-pass-how-are-vaccine-passports-working-in-israel

GROUP 3 – EU

Giulia Rizzolo*

Serena Greco *

Ritesh Kotak

Tommy Friedlich

Giulia Bandera

Osher Hadar

Neta Kashirin

Group 3 Reading Materials

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020DC0245&from=EN

OPTIONAL

(Press Release discussing the EU’s vaccine exports transparency)

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_1352  

GROUP 4 – India & Developing World

Katelyn Cooper*

Priya Dube

Benjamin Ferri

Antonia De Kruijf

Netta Tauber

Rachely Eitan

Group 4 Reading Materials

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-south-africa-to-make-fresh-push-for-waiver-of-vaccine-patents-at-wto-101619886294125.html 

OPTIONAL – (Film trailer discusses similar issues experienced during HIV vaccine development)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eVf2UUu_w4o

 

Group 4: COVID and the Classroom

Suggested Readings

Vox: How teachers are sacrificing student privacy to stop cheating

Educause: COVID 19 Quickpoll Results: Grading and Proctoring

Copyright limits and learning: lessons from the covid-19 quarantine

Optional Readings

Copyright and Remote Teaching in the Time of Coronavirus: A Study of Contractual Terms and Conditions of Selected Online Services

An Hundred Stories in Ten Days”: COVID-19 Lessons for Culture, Learning, and Copyright Law – Section B (pages 580-594)