The omission of IP enforcement is a surprise. An earlier attempt at a Canada – U.S. agreement – the Security and Prosperity Partnership included an Intellectual Property Action Strategy. Moreover, groups like the Canada and U.S. Chambers of Commerce lobbied extensively for IP measures within this deal. The Chambers’ joint document included a full section on the protection of intellectual property rights and recommended new border measures powers. While those measures may yet come – Canada’s participation in the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement makes the introduction of new IP enforcement legislation likely next year – it is surprising that similar commitments were not included in this agreement.