Bill C-61's encryption research exception also potentially creates a restriction on peer review, an essential part of the scientific process. The current exception at Section 41.13(3) provides that circumvention devices (ie. software programs) may be distributed if for the purpose of encryption research and the researcher:
(a) uses that technology, device or component only for that purpose; or
(b) provides that technology, device or component only for that purpose to another person who is collaborating with the person
In other words, a circumvention device distributor can provide it to an encryption researcher and the researcher can provide it to other researchers with whom they are collaborating. While this covers access to circumvention devices for encryption researchers and their research team, it would not appear to cover non-affiliated researchers who might be asked to conduct peer review on the encryption research.
Indeed, the U.S. DMCA recognizes the need for such an exception as it covers persons who:
provide the technological means to another person with whom he or she is working collaboratively for the purpose of conducting the acts of good faith encryption research described in paragraph (2) or for the purpose of having that other person verify his or her acts of good faith encryption research described in paragraph (2).
The failure to address peer review uses could create a problem for researchers who need to provide the tools they used to circumvent to verify their research. This presents yet another reason why a broad research exception is needed.